What are the Regions of Canada?

Last Updated on June 24, 2022 by Helen E. White

What are the Regions of Canada: Canada is the second-largest country in the world so it has a diversity of geographical reliefs. In this way, it is divided into regions that group the different provinces that make up this region, according to their geography and culture.

Regions of Canada

The Geographical Regions of Canada are 5:

1. Atlantic Provinces

The Atlantic Provinces are made up of:

  • Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • New Brunswick.
  • New Scotland.
  • Prince Edward Island.

The Atlantic provinces are located in western Canada. Its name comes from being located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean that surrounds the city. This area is characterized by having a cold and humid climate, however, Prince Edward Island has the highest temperatures in the country and during the winter, which is usually very cold in the rest of the country.

This zone is characterized by having bays, some elevations and humid forests in its relief. In addition, it has different hydrographic basins that surround the region such as the Saint John River. Similarly, the economy of this region is based on the exploitation of its natural resources. That is why among the activities that stand out are fishing and agriculture.

2. Center

The Canada Center is made up of:

  • Québec.
  • Ontario.

This region is located in the southwestern part of the country. It includes Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa, which are the largest cities in the nation in terms of population, technology and economic growth.

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This region is characterized by having a varied relief since it contains the Canadian Shield and the plains of Hudson Bay, the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence. Despite the fact that the main economic activity in this region is the service and manufacturing industry, its soils are conducive to agriculture that is carried out in order to bring fresh products to its inhabitants.

3. Prairie Provinces

The Prairie Provinces are made up of:

  • Manitoba.
  • Saskatchewan.
  • alberta.

The Prairie Provinces region is located in southern Canada. It is characterized by being part of the so-called “Great Plains of North America”. It has a slightly uneven relief and this area is considered the most fertile in the world.

In the same way, beautiful landscapes are located where important discoveries have been made, as is the case of the escapades Badlans where fossil traces of dinosaurs were found. This region is characterized by having multicultural influences as French and Ukrainian communities and the largest number of aboriginal settlers are located there.

4. West Coast

The West Coast is made up of:

  • British Columbia.

This region is located in the west of the country, as its name indicates, and large mountainous formations are located in it, among which the Coastal Mountains, the Rocky Mountains and the Interior Passage stand out, which provide spectacular landscapes, surrounded by large lakes.

Similarly, in this region is the largest zone of parks and protected areas in Canada, with around 600 natural parks. Thus, the West Coast of Canada is characterized by having a multicultural influence. It is considered the most westernized city since its population is dominated not only by the British and French but also by large Asian communities.

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5. Northern Territories

The Northern Territories are made up of:

  • Nunavut.
  • Northeast Territories.
  • Yukon.

The Northern Territories are located, as their name indicates, in the north of Canada. Due to its climate, this area is also known as “The Land of the Midnight Sun” since during the summer season the sun can stay for 24 hours without hiding.

However, in the winter seasons, the lowest temperatures are recorded and three months can go by without the sun rising. This is why this region is the least populated in Canada.

In this area, there are large mountains and some tundras, as well as gold, diamond and copper mining reserves. Despite this, the main economic activity in the region is hunting and fishing. It should be noted that in the northern territories, 85% of the population is Inuit or Inuktitut, these being the main languages ​​of this area.

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